The Aztecs believed in a god for nearly everything in life. Thus, there were many gods and goddesses in their belief system and their religion was a crucial part of their lives, woven into nearly everything that they did on a daily basis. There were dances, daily practices, ceremonies and different required dress codes for each important event.
The rulers of the Aztecs were considered to be the human form of their gods. The rulers were believed to know exactly how the gods were feeling at any given moment and it was believed that the only way to appease their gods was by the sacrifice of a human life.
The Aztec people considered it a great honor to be sacrificed and there was no lack of volunteers. They also captured victims in battle and beheaded them. Their heads were then put up as trophies on a wall for anyone entering the community to see. It is widely believed that more than 20,000 were killed in a ritual 4 day celebration when the temple was completed.
Hummingbird (Huitzilopochtli) was considered the main god of the Aztec nation. He was also considered the god of war. The Aztecs believed that he urged them to move from their homeland and settle in the Mexico Valley area. Where was their homeland one might ask? It is believed to be in the now southwestern portion of the United States. Today an artificial island stands in the center of Mexico City and it’s construction has been credited to the Aztecs.
Considered the morning and evening star, Quetzalcoatl stood for the death and resurrection of life. It was believed that he went into the hell of Mictlan and gathered the bones of the deceased. He then smeared these bones with his blood and gave rebirth to the men who live in the universe.
Depicted as a man with a beard named Ehecatl the wind god, he had many diverse roles in the Aztec world. It was believed that he liked circular temples that had no sharp obstacles for the wind to blow through.
As the god of darkness, deceit and sorcery, Tezcatlipoca had many diverse rolls as well. The Aztecs had many beliefs centered on the darker side of pagan practices that led them into what are now considered satanic ritualistic beliefs.
Every Native American nation had its own belief as to who was the god of the earth. In the Aztec nation, Tlaloc was considered the god of rain, fertility and lightning. Although he was considered a benevolent god, he was also wisely feared for he could bring floods, drought or lightning to the earth. Often called “one who makes things sprout” he was considered one of the three main gods and is frequently depicted as wearing a headdress of heron feathers, carrying rattles that he used to make the thunder. Shrouded in a net of clouds he is truly a force to be reckoned with.
Known by many names the most common names for Chalchiuhtlicue were “She of the Jade Skirt” or “She whose Night robe of Jewel stars Whirls Above”. The patron god of women she controlled fertility as well as the oceans, rivers and any other running water. As the wife of Tlaloc she had a lot of responsibility in the Aztec nation.
The Aztecs believed that anything that happened was of their gods. They always wanted to appease their gods and keep them happy.