A Stop error, commonly referred to as the “Blue Screen of Death” (BSOD) or sometimes a “kernel panic,” is the result of Windows encountering a critical error, usually caused by a hardware or driver issue, and making your computer stop responding in order to prevent any permanent damage done to your hardware.
Chances are if you use Windows regularly then you’ve most likely had a run in with a BSOD error at least once in your life.
In this article I’ll list some really common BSOD errors and show you how you can fix them yourself.
You’ve probably heard plenty of jokes about dividing by zero on the internet or elsewhere. Well, this is what happens when your computer tries dividing by zero.
Chances are you’ll only get this error every once in a blue moon, and you don’t really need to worry about it if you do. However, if you’re getting this error frequently you may need to narrow down which program is the one trying to divide by zero.
After finding out which program is causing the error (by running each program one at a time), you’ll want to reinstall it and check for any updates for it.
If you get this BSOD, then it’s most likely caused by the Random Access Memory (RAM) in your computer.
To fix this error you’ll need to check to make sure all the memory modules in your computer are the same type and speed. If you have even one stick of RAM that is of a different type or speed than the others then you’ll get this error often.
If even after assuring that all the memory modules are the same you still get this error then chances are one or more memory module is broken or shorting out. You’ll need to find out which one by running your computer with only one memory module at a time, and once you find out which one(s) it is, then you’ll need to replace them.
More often than not this error is caused by a bad driver, so you’ll want to uninstall any drivers you’ve installed lately and see if that clears it up.
If you’re still getting this error even after uninstalling your drivers, then it may be an issue with your hardware. Sadly, it’s not easy to find out which part of your hardware is causing this. Trust me, I’ve had this happen before and it took days to finally find out that it was the motherboard shorting out that was causing it.
You’ll want to take out all the hardware from your computer except for what it needs to start up, then slowly add your hardware piece by piece until you find out what’s causing it.
As the name implies, this is caused by an issue with Windows’ registry.
The fix for this one is usually pretty simple, you’ll just need to download a program such as CCleaner that can repair the Windows registry. Just run the program and have it scan for and fix any registry errors it finds.
If you’re still getting this error even after fixing the registry then you may want to try booting into safe mode in Windows and then running the program to fix the registry.
This error is very similar to the IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL error in that it’s most likely caused by a bad driver, and the solution is basically the same.
Again, uninstall your drivers and see if that fixes it. If not, you’ll want to run a program to check the stability of your RAM. Memtest86 is a really good program for that.
If your RAM checks out fine, then chances are either your motherboard or your video card is shorting out and needs to be replaced. You’ll want to try using a different video card to see which it is.