The vast ecosystem formed by the Red River watershed on the borders of Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana affords a habitat comprised of many micro-climates with an incredible diversity and richness of plant and animal life. In many of the deep ravines where the creeks and waterways have cut through the the limestone cap rock, the vegetation has a nearly tropical aspect. Towering, ancient cypress trees form a canopy above the underbrush and thick hanging vines. These ravines are like a primordial oasis, seldom traversed by humans. Often in remote wildernesses, surrounded by thousands of acres of temperate woodlands and meadows. The ravines are a favored living quarters for the Sasquatch or “Bigfoot”
From one of these ravines, a very significant group of footprints of a “Baby Bigfoot” were cast in plaster, along with a hand- and footprints from a more mature Sasquatch, most likely the juvenile’s older sibling or mother. The prints, pressed into the fine clay of the creek bed are rare specimens, since not only are they from a rarely documented young juvenile, but the casts also retain detailed anatomical features that are not generally preserved in other types of soil.
A record of this type of evidence is necessary for a more in-depth understanding of these beings, who are the closest living relatives of humans, as current, in-depth DNA results are expected to reveal. The popular misconception of the Sasquatch is one of a savage “monster”- a giant ape with limited intelligence, motivated by sheer instinct. The Sasquatch are far more complex, intelligent and social creatures, with a family structure and long-term relationships within their extended families and network of friends- which in very rare instances can include humans.
[The photographs and diagrams included with this article (at upper right) can be selected by clicking on the numbers, and then enlarged by clicking on the thumbnail image that is displayed. Note that the images are copyrighted and cannot be legally copied or reproduced in print or on the internet without express permission of the author. Press release photos for linking to the article are available upon request.]
The print casts are from a private collection, which I was given permission to examine and photograph. A few years prior to examining these casts, I had independently investigated the area where they were cast, and found abundant evidence of the Sasquatch in this region, as well as had confirmation by sightings. The owner of this collection and I had no previous knowledge of each other’s activities and research.
The cast print of the “baby” is most likely from a juvenile that would be equivalent to a human “toddler” a young Sasquatch who has just begun to walk upright. This individual would be larger in stature than a human of similar relative maturity, standing about 3 and a half feet tall. The accompanying footprints are of an individual, most likely female, probably about 6 foot tall, small for an adult female and possibly indicating an older sibling.
The footprints have several distinguishing anatomical characteristics that differentiate them from human footprints. The most marked feature is the clearly delineated depression in the mid-foot on the outside edge opposite the arch. In a human foot, the bone structure in this area is rigid, and forms a continuous ridge from the ball of the foot to the heel. In the Sasquatch, the bone-joints and ligaments are flexible in the mid-tarsal region, which is evidenced in the resulting depression in the footprints. The mid-tarsal “break” as it is often referred to, enables the Sasquatch or Bigfoot to flex the foot and walk on the fore-foot.
The ability to walk and run on the forefoot is an adaptation that affords increased mechanical leverage to the stride of the Sasquatch. In other prints that I have examined, as well as these, there are distinctly visible elements in the configuration of bone structure, tendons and musculature of the foot that reveal the bio-mechanical mechanism operating in the Sasquatch foot. (For more, related information, refer to the links to articles listed in the Resources section below.)
The Sasquatch trait of displacing the weight to the forefoot results in other notable configurations in the bone structure of the foot. The foot of the Sasquatch is significantly broader across the ball of the foot in comparison to human proportions. Both of the cast footprints show not only the broad forefoot, but areas where the bone joints, the overlaying tissue pads and the calloused skin itself combine to form enlarged prominences in the prints.
On the outside edge of the foot, in the bones supporting the “little” toe, (the fifth metatarsal, just above the mid-tarsal flexion) there is an enlarged bone prominence, thickened tissue pad, and thickly calloused skin. (Sasquatch also have an enlarged os perenium – a small oviod bone that only about 20% of modern humans possess, at the posterior end of the fifth metatarsal. It functions as a stress- and pressure-bearing reinforcement to the tendon.)
On the opposite side of the forefoot, in the bones supporting the “big” toe, there is also an enlarged bone prominence, tissue pad and calloused area. (In this location, there are also two small ovoid bones, present in both humans and in the Sasquatch- the sesamoid bones-, which are connected only by tendons to the big toe. These bones are proportionately much larger in the foot of the Sasquatch- evidence of the increased weight distribution to the forefoot during ambulation.)
Another element in the developmental anatomy of the Sasquatch that can be deduced from these prints in comparison to those of adults, is that the tapering profile of the foot from ball to heel indicates a progression to increased bipedalism from juvenile to adult. In the toddler, the heel is smaller and narrower, indicating more of a reliance on quadrupedal locomotion- crawling or scampering on four limbs. In fact, in large adult males, the bones of the heels (calcaneus) become very robust. In examining both cast and actual footprints in the field, I have noted there there is a discernible difference between male and female Sasquatch footprints. As with humans, Sasquatch are dimorphic- that is, males and females are different in general size and shape. Both the hands and feet of a female Sasquatch are more slender, or narrower in proportion of width to length.
In the cast prints of the “Baby Bigfoot” there are also rarely documented fine anatomical details that mitigate against fraudulence. In the cast print picture above, there are clearly defined pressure ridges, mainly across the forefoot. These ridges are basically a rumpling of the outer layers of tissue and skin on the sole of the foot, formed as the foot flexes. In a series of actual footprints, the pressure ridges will change in size, shape and number, whereas in hoaxed prints, there are either no pressure ridges, or they remain identical from print to print. ( In fact in most prints, the soil consistency does not retain impressions of the pressure ridges.)
A very significant element in this series of prints are the finely detailed dermal ridge patterns. Dermal ridges, also referred to as “friction” ridges, are the pattern of whorls or spiraling ridges that form the familiar “fingerprint” signature on hands and correspondingly, on toes of both humans and Sasquatch. ( In this case the dermal ridges pictured are from the print series of the more mature Sasquatch.) In the cast prints that I examined that have distinct dermal ridge patterns, the patterns have a very close correlation to human dermal ridge patterns, as seen in the pictured comparisons.
One of the cast prints, pictured above is an even rarer specimen- it is the hand print from a sub-adult Sasquatch, possibly from the same individual that left the larger of the two footprints. The hand-print has many of the same characteristics as those seen in the cast hand-print of a much larger adult male. (Refer to the link in the resources section below for the article with that analysis.) The Sasquatch hand is typically broader in proportion to that of a human, and the individual bones are both flatter and straighter compared to a human’s. The thumb is more widely offset. The main muscle groups in the hand are larger and more robust proportionately, as well. The palm of the hand is flatter, with typically thick, callused skin.
In concluding this article, I would like to take the opportunity to comment on the nature of the Sasquatch. Evidence such as these footprints, as well as field observation by many researchers, indicate they they are beings with an emotional and intellectual capacity very close to those of human beings. They have close-knit families that love, nurture and care for their young. They have the ability to speak and converse, not only with each other, but also with humans. They are long-lived and well traveled throughout wilderness areas and traditional territories that are now being encroached upon by humankind. In light of these revelations, I am an advocate of the no-kill policy in regards to the Sasquatch or Bigfoot. The slaughter of one of these beings, with this type of fore-knowledge, would be an unconscionable act. The Sasquatch are very likely in the lineage ancestral to modern humans, and the killing of one, while aware of their true nature, would be ethically equivalent to the killing of one of our own fellow humans.
Cast Print Fine Detail analysis:
Bigfoot Evidence in Texas:
Sasquatch Cast Hand-print analysis:
Sasquatch Cast Print analysis #1
Bigfoot Bones: Sasquatch Skeleton:
Origins of Bigfoot in the fossil record:
The Red River Watershed System: