Questions on the similarity of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) and Obsessive Compulsive disorder (OCD) are commonly raised by some. However, we must know that BDD and OCD are two different types of disorder. Though they have some similarities, they are still not considered as the same. Symptoms and treatment of OCD from BDD are just quite similar that became the reason of this confusion.
OCD is an anxiety disorder. The brain of an OCD person has a problem in dealing with worrying thoughts. Both OCD children and adults are always worrying a lot and have that fear that bad things will occur if they will not do something to prevent it. OCD people also have obsessions and compulsions that lead to uncontrollable stress and anxiety. These obsessions and compulsions of OCD consume most of their time that usually lead to interference of their normal living.
BDD is a state that causes you to use up a lot of time being concerned or worried about your personal appearance or the way you look. Those persons with BDD are usually worried whenever they have one or more existing physical flaws or blemish. It’s normal for us people to worry or be anxious at times about our appearance; however, to those persons with BDD, these flaws can lead them to too much stress that will eventually affect their daily activity and life.
It cannot be denied that BDD and OCD have some common things. The repetition of a specific act is present in both disorders. The compulsion and obsession is greatly noticed in both disorders too. For OCD, symptoms can include checking if the door is closed or not even if they have checked it a couple of times already, washing of hands again and again until the soap is gone and the thrive to do certain tasks with neatness and completeness. For BDD, symptoms can include repeatedly check how they look and assure that they have no any blemish, constantly applying make-up and even checking their skin over again if it’s smooth and just perfect and having that feeling of not going out to see by other people until they see something is wrong with their self.
When it comes to treatment, they have quite similar ways. The cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) that is being used often times OCD is used as well in BDD patients; however, in some patients this doesn’t work. In this case, patients are advised to go directly to their physician and ask for the right medications on the treatment of symptoms for either the BDD or OCD. People should always remember that BDD and OCD are two different types of disorders.