There are many different types of systems and styles for load outs including combat,scouting, and survival etc. This guide is on a combat system. A combat system requires much more combative tools than say, a survival load out. I will begin with the basics, clothing. In a combat situation, intimidation might not always win the day. That being said, clothing has to be light, and effective with some kind of para-military look. A person dressed in casual clothes will always look to be an easier target than a person dressed in military fatigues with a tactical carbine, this alone can stop blood from being spilled. Modern combat utility uniforms are a great option due to their intimidation, as well as comfort/camouflage and pockets.
Along with combat utilities, you need some tough boots, perhaps some kind of headgear depending on the climate, glasses/goggles or a rag/mask to cover your face. Good quality boots in comparison to tennis shoes will not shred and fall apart, are more water resistant, and can stop snake bites as well as cacti and sharp metal. In a desert, which is where I live, headgear is a must have. A Boonie hat can be extremely useful as to keeping your head out of the heat and the sun out of your eyes. A camouflage version has more to offer if the rest of your clothing is the same color. In the event of high wind or dust goggles or glasses can be a huge help. Finally a mask may be a good idea if you need to conceal your identity for what ever reason.. it is always a good idea to have one on hand.
Now for the main components. In order to have an effective combat load out you need 3 main things. The first things is a combat rifle such as an AR-15, AK-47,M-14 (M1A) or any other you find useable. Second is a sidearm, and third is a way to deploy these weapons with efficiency such as tactical vest to carry your magazines. Tactical vests allow you to change magazines quickly as well as access other items such as a knife,pepper spray,handcuffs etc. A tactical vest usually has 3 magazine pouches capable of carrying 3-6 magazines, and 0-3 pistol magazine pouches. There are many different style vests but I recommend the cross-draw vest. This style has a holster for your pistol that allows you to access it quickly with your right hand coming across your abdomen.
It is highly recommended you bring a combat knife with a blade length of at least 5 inches. A knife can be a life saver and many stories from Iraq of soldiers using their knives while clearing houses can prove this to be true. A good length is 8 inches with a narrow blade for stabbing and a razor sharp edge for slashing. This should be readily accessible and very close to your hands. A good spot to put it is your left should with the handle facing down so you can pull it out with your right hand easily. A good kydex sheath will keep a knife in place even if it is upside down. One firm tug on the handle and the blade should come out and be ready to use.
You might also find yourself in a situation where you need to take some one down without using deadly force. A great option is pepper spray because most vests have a pouch for it and it can be used at a distance without putting yourself in danger. Sometimes pepper spray can be hard to grab in a short amount of time and a quicker option might be needed such as an impact weapon if you can grab your spray or knife. A collapsible baton is a great option due to its intimidation, effectiveness, and dependability.
Other useful things that you need in the field are a high powered flashlight,rifle scope or binoculars,lighter(s), energy,water,rope, and some kind of disinfectant. High powered flashlights will be extremely useful in the dark for obvious reasons, they can start fires, and can be used as a beacon. A rifle scope can be either mounted or used to look far ahead like binoculars. Lighters can be used to cut rope, start fires and scorch wounds. Energy such as peanut butter and nuts are essential to staying combat effective in the field and will give you much needed awareness. Water is essential, everyone should carry at least one canteen or a hydration system. You lose a lot of water when your worked up and combat requires much movement. Rope can be used as a tourniquet which can save lives. Rope can also be used to rappel off buildings or keep things together. Disinfectant will help wounded people from getting infections.
Some other items you might want to consider are a compass,extra batteries,an assortment of random pouches,knee and elbow pads,and extra mag pouches that go on your leg. Radio or other types of communication are a must have in any group.A compass will provide direction in a time of confusion and just makes communication and direction easier. Batteries are very important if some one in your group/squad has laser optics such as red dot sights,holographic sights, and lasers. Random pouches you can’t find a specific use for are good for mag dump pouches where you put empty magazines once all rounds are fired. You can put non-combative tools such as batteries and medical supplies in them as well.Knee and elbow pads will protect your joints if you fall onto your knees or bang your elbow on something. Extra magazine pouches are vital. Radio is vital for communication within your group.
In a combat load out you are expected to have at least 500-600 rounds of high powered rifle ammunition which requires 10-20 magazines,which all can’t fit in your vest. This is A LOT of weight and will definitely help you decide whether or not to bring some other items I have listed that may not seem as important. All the items I have listed are important but I know I wouldn’t bring every single item simply because my load would be to heavy and I wouldn’t be able to maneuver. If you have a shot gun ammunition will be a bigger issue for you than if you have a rifle because shotgun ammo is more hard to come by,is bigger,meaning less can be carried,and reloading is more difficult. However a shotgun can prove very useful in a squad, therefore each squad should have one.Pistol ammunition shouldn’t have nearly as much of a presence that rifle ammo has. Pistols rarely are deployed in a combat situation unless it is indoors or rifle ammunition is depleted.
All in all, the most important things when determining your load out are weight,practicality,and what it offers to your squad/group. Realistically to have have an effective load out, several thousand dollars will be needed depending on how you spend it. What quality guns,ammunition, and lights you choose will determine your final price. Main components don’t have much wiggle room. An AR-15 usually runs $800-$1200, an AK-47 is usually around $500. Ammo for 223./5.56 is about $250 for cheap steel cased bullets and about $400-$500 for military grade ammo. For 1000 rounds of 9mm the price is usually $200. Vests can range from $50-$100. All other items can range vastly.