In July 2012, Illinois Representative Jesse Jackson, Jr. was submitted for residential treatment for a sever mood disorder. Other notable figures and famous celebrities have had to deal with mood disorders as well. While they are uncommon, you can learn how to help someone who has been diagnosed with a mood disorder by understanding a few facts about them.
1:Mood disorders are cognitive disorders. Clinically speaking, derive from two different areas, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, or DSM-IV. Mood disorders are associated with some sort of cognitive dysfunction, i.e. a problem in the brain’s make up. Mood disorders are in the same category (Axis 1) as ADHD. An example mood disorder is Major Depressive Disorder.
2:There is no singular root cause of mood disorders. However, it has been identified that social situations and traumatic experiences can trigger a mood disorder. There have also been prevalent hereditary links to mood disorders. For instance, if a parent is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, there’s a 15 to 25 percent chance the child will have it. It’s also possible for mood disorders to be substance induced. Chronic alcoholism, for example, can induce major depressive disorder.
3:There is no current cure for mood disorders. Mood disorders can be effectively managed and treated, though, through medication and talk therapy. Mania’s symptoms involve periods of high energy that are hard to control and often include risky or criminal behavior. Wit mania, brain cell transmissions are happening at higher speeds than normal. Medications such as Lithium help slow those transmissions down.
On the opposite spectrum is Major Depressive Disorder, which involves long periods of a general “down” mood and can also include insomnia, suicidal thoughts and a general disdain for activities that were once pleasurable to the patient. Talk therapy, exercise and anti-depressant medications are used to treat Major Depressive Disorders.
If someone has a period of mania, then a period of normalcy which is followed by a period of depression, they likely have a form of Bipolar Disorder. Regular medication management, talk therapy and social support all help make Bipolar Disorder a manageable mood disorder.
4:Mood disorder patients tend to self-medicate. With the stigma of mental health issues still around, many patients of diagnosed and undiagnosed mood disorders tend to self-medicate. Mood disorder diagnoses are commonly given a comorbid diagnosis (a diagnosis along with another disorder) with some form of substance abuse. It isn’t uncommon for manic patients, for example to self-medicate with alcohol and depressants in order to bring the energy levels down, or for depressed patients to smoke marijuana to lift their moods.
5:Celebrities have “come out” about their mood disorders. While you don’t hear much about politicians discussing their mood disorder diagnoses, many celebrities as of late have revealed their mood disorders in an effort to promote awareness. Demi Lovato was diagnosed with bipolar disorder while being treated for erratic behavior, exhaustion and an eating disorder. Catherine Zeta- Jones was recently diagnosed with Bipolar 2 Disorder, which involves hypomania (slightly elevated energy levels) followed by longer periods of depression. The Bring Change 2 Mind organization features celebrities like Ron Howard and Glenn Close that promote awareness because of their family member’s mood disorders.
Whatever the outcome is for Jesse Jackson, Jr.’s diagnosis, there are resources available to help him get the right treatment and continue on with his life. If you suspect that you may have a mood disorder, visit a local mental health professional for an official diagnosis.