Trout are one of the most popular game fish in the United States. In addition to being a challenge to hook and fighting well, trout are also one of the tastiest fish. However, an angler must find the trout before he or she can hook a trout for sport or for food. Rivers provide a variety of areas where trout can be found, often making it difficult to decide where to fish. If you are going out after trout in rivers, here are some tips that you can use to more quickly locate trout on your next river fishing trip.
Trout, like most other fish, will take advantage of obstructions in a river that reduce the current. By spending time in areas will low current, trout will have to expend less energy. A fisherman should keep an eye out for these areas and present lures or baits at least a few times to these areas. Cast upstream of the obstruction and let the river’s current naturally take the lure or bait behind the obstruction. Things that can cause a break in the current include boulders, logs, bridge supports or even large deposits of gravel or other sediment in the stream.
For various reasons, trout are likely to be found in areas where the current changes. For example, most rivers are a mixture of swift moving (rapids) areas and slow moving (pool) areas. Trout may be found at the beginning and ending of pools and rapids. Another key area to look for is tributaries coming into the larger stream. These tributaries provide oxygen rich water and abundant food for the trout to feed upon.
Deep pools can be hit or miss for trout, but are always worth a shot. Trout can relax in the cool, deep water of larger pools without having to fight the current. When fishing a pool, start with topwater lures or shallow baits. Trout will often rise quickly to snag an easy meal. If topwaters do not work, lures or bait drifted along the bottom can entice less aggressive trout to strike. Be careful when fishing pools as the slow moving water allows trout to see movement above the water. Cast to pools well back from the bank and do not stand in bright, sunny areas whenever possible to make yourself less visible.
Shady areas of a river offer another key for anglers to focus on when trout fishing. In hot weather, trout will often move into the shade to avoid the hot sun. Conversely, in cooler weather, trout may avoid the shady areas to stay in warmer water. In almost any season, it is worth a few casts to the areas where the shaded area of the water meets the unshaded water.